Endangered animals, the title itself is frightening. All the living beings on earth are meant to survive to lead a healthy ecosystem but increasing anthropogenic activities have taken a toll on all the animals out there.
Be it deforestation, industrialization, transportation, or any other purpose, these pernicious activities if not ceased on an immediate basis will extinct some of the most beautiful creatures on this planet.
In the last few years, a rapid loss of animals was observed that led to the formation of The Endangered Species Act (ESA) in 1973 with an aim of protecting imperiled species and the ecosystems at the same time.
Top 10 Endangered Animals
It’s very sad to know, we had to create a list of the species that on the brink of extinction.
Let us pledge to practice activities in our capabilities to protect these endangered species from becoming functionally extinct so that we can appreciate the lifestyle and various other fascinating aspects of these animals the next time we come across such an article.
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10. Atlantic bluefin tuna
Atlantic bluefin tuna has the ability to cross the Atlantic in fewer than 60 days but the illegal practices such as commercial fishing, in the form of longlines, gillnets, and purse seines are slowly making them disappear from the ocean.
As this species was close to extinction, the Fisheries Service announced it would designate the Atlantic bluefin tuna as a “species of concern”. Its population was reported to fall down by 85% in 1996.
9. Irrawaddy dolphins
Irrawaddy dolphins occur majorly in three large tropical river systems in Southeast Asia: the Mekong, Mahakam, and Ayeyarwady, are estimated to be declining from over the past 50 years, to the level that they are now classified as endangered species.
Much of it is due to incidental catches and injuries, habitat degradation and destruction, and pollution. Concentrations of different compounds were found in tissues of Irrawaddy dolphins collected in India including organochlorine (OC) pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs).
8. Snow leopards
Humans are the reason why Snow leopards are endangering as they face many threats including habitat loss and degradation and human encroachment. They are found in northern and central Asia’s high mountains, including the Himalayan region and exist in only 12 countries—including China, Bhutan, Nepal, India, Pakistan, Russia, and Mongolia.
As of now, there are an estimated 4,080-6,590 snow leopards in the wild, all due to increasing human settlement use of grazing space.
7. Leatherback sea turtles
Leatherback sea turtles are the only known reptile to remain active in the water below 40 degrees Fahrenheit and are primarily found in areas just offshore. It is unique from other turtles in that it does not have a hard, bony shell but consists of leathery, oil-saturated connective tissue.
They were listed as endangered under the Endangered Species Conservation Act in 1970. Its population decrease is said to be due to an increase in intense egg collection and fisheries bycatch.
A huge decline in the population of Orangutans has been observed in the last few years which is mainly due to habitat destruction and illegal hunting. They are only found on the island of Borneo where their population has estimated to fall by 60 percent since 1950. Several studies conducted on Orangutans have anticipated that their number will decline by 22 percent in the coming two years.
There were about 230,000 orangutans in total a century ago but now the Sumatran is estimated at about 7,500 and the Bornean orangutan is estimated at about 104,700.
5. Asian elephants
Asian elephants, one of the most intelligent mammals present on earth are in danger of being poached, they are hunted for their tusks that are worth a lot of money on the black market. They are also often killed by contact with human infrastructure, mainly by colliding with trains.
The estimated surviving population of Asian elephants is between 30,000–50,000. They’re listed as an endangered species with the United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFW).
Tigers are the top predators in the food chain and are responsible for balancing the ecosystem by preying on other animals. They are killed for their body parts and for their demand to use in traditional medicine. As per research conducted, tigers are believed to have lost 93% of their historical range due to human activity and development.
As of now, less than 3,900 tigers are found to live in a bare four% of their historic range. To save the tigers, an international summit was held in 2010 where leaders committed to TX2 to save them and double their number by at least 2022.
3. Mountain gorillas
Mountain gorillas are on the verge of decline with about 880 mountain gorillas left on earth. They have been listed as critically endangered and different measures are underway to prevent these giant species from extinction. Habitat loss and hunting are the two major threats to the mountain gorillas.
They only exist in natural habitats in the Virunga region and are segregated in four protected areas; The Virunga national park of the democratic republic of Congo, the Volcanoes national park of Rwanda, The Bwindi national park, and Mgahinga national park of Uganda.
Vaquitas are the world’s most endangered marine species that are drowned in gillnets within Mexico’s Gulf of California. Their population as per last year was as low as 30 individuals. They’re also the world’s smallest porpoise measuring up to five-feet long and weigh up to 120 lbs.
The main threat to Vaquitas is believed to be totoaba fishing that catches the porpoise for use in Chinese medicine for curing a variety of illnesses and diseases. To prevent this eminent species from extinction, the government of Mexico has announced a permanent ban on the use of gillnets in the Upper Gulf of California.
1. Javan rhinoceros
Javan rhinoceros are among the most critically endangered animals in the entire wild population with less than 100 individuals. They’re the only surviving members of ungulates and are confined to one isolated population in the Ujung Kulon National Park in Java.
The decline in rhino is particularly due to poaching and illegal trade of its horn which has been in practice since 2007. Their birth rate is also quite low with female rhinoceros giving birth to a single calf at intervals of 3–5 years.
What animals are going extinct in 2025?
If the detrimental activities involving animals will continue taking place at the same pace, the probability of the animals listed above getting extinct will increase by 2025.
Which animal is closest to extinction?
The Javan rhino is the closest to extinction and as of now can only be found in Ujung Kulon National Park in Indonesia.
How many animals are endangered in the world?
A total of 16,306 species are listed as endangered and are threatened with extinction.
So this was all about the Top 10 endangered animals that if not protected and taken care of will go extinct in the coming years. Well, on our part, what we can do is refuse using products synthesized by making use of animal parts as then only it would be possible to protect these precious species that we have on our beautiful planet from getting endangered.
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