Top 10 Largest Countries in the World

U.N. states that there are 195 countries in the world today. There are some democratic countries, some autocratic, while some have a dictator who rules them. All the countries are known for their strong suits, be it tundra, rainforest, spices, desert, or coastline. If you consider the square kilometers, you’ll find a mix of countries, religions, and cultures; they are on different continents, and they have a history that has been taught to us since our school days.

Top 10 Largest Countries in the World

Since geopolitical boundaries change dramatically, some countries might become the largest in the next few decades. If you put together the top 10 largest countries globally, they form a total of 149 million square kilometers or 49% of the land. So, let us kill the curious cat within us and explore the top 10 largest countries in the world.

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10. Algeria – 2,381,741 Sq. Kilometers

Top 10 Largest Countries in the World
Constantine – City in Algeria

Algeria is about 2.38 million square kilometers, which makes it the tenth-largest country in the world. Interestingly, it is the only African country that makes it to the top 10 largest countries globally. The Northern African country, which has a population of 4.22 crores, is 90% desert, and its desert regions are raised. The country has a Mediterranean coastline 998 km long, and its Tell Atlas mountain covers much of its northern border. Algeria’s interior is hundreds of meters above sea level; it also holds the Algerian portion of the Sahara desert. This majestic Sahara stretches to the south of the country past its borders with Mali and Niger.

9. Kazakhstan – 2,724,900 Sq. Kilometers

Nur-Sultan – Capital City of Kazakhstan

Even is Kazakhstan has a population of 1.83 crores, it is one of the top 10 largest countries globally, area wise with 2.72 million square kilometers that extend over the highlands and vast plains. The climate is dry and cool throughout the year; the same can’t be said for its desert. Even though it is known to undergo a wide range of temperatures annually, it isn’t as cold as Russia, its northern neighbor. Many don’t know that Kazakhstan was formerly part of the USSR – the most extensive nation globally for most of the 20th century. It is the only landlocked country in the largest countries of the world.

8. Argentina – 2,780,400 Sq. Kilometers

Port of Buenos Aires

Argentina is the eighth-largest country in the world, with a population of 4.45 crores. With 2,780,400 square kilometers, it is also the Spanish-speaking nation in the world. The country has a diverse climate and geography in the world. The Cape Horn, or known as Argentina’s southern tip, is perceived to be the globe’s stormiest location. Its conditions are swampy and tropical, which makes for chilling glacial regions in the south. One of the most dangerous places on the planet, Patagonia, extends from the southern Andes in the west to the Atlantic Ocean in the east.

7. India – 3,287,263 Sq. Kilometers

Taj Mahal, Agra

The second-most populated country globally, India’s borders have changed quite a lot of times over the past century. The northern region of Kashmir is still disputed with Pakistan, and without it, India’s territory stretches for 3.29 million square kilometers. China, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Myanmar, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Nepal are India’s bordering countries. Its geography varies from the tropical shores of the southern peninsula to the grand Himalayan Mountains. If spoken geologically, India is its own subcontinent, and geological studies indicate that the country and its neighbors were at one time departed from Asia by a sea.

6. Australia – 7,692,024 Sq. Kilometers

The Sydney Opera House

At about 7.69 million square kilometers, Australia is twice the size of India. It is so huge that it is qualified as a continental landmass instead of an island. It has a population of 2.5 crores and is the largest country in Oceania. Most of the population dwell in Perth in the west and Sydney in the east – the reason being Australian Outback’s hot and dry climate. The country is also known for its deadly – and spectacular – wildlife and intense geography and climate.

5. Brazil – 8,515,767 Sq. Kilometers

Rio de Janeiro

One of the top 10 largest countries in the world, Brazil stretches to 8,515,767 square kilometers. It is home to the globe’s largest rainforest, the Amazon. It’s so vast and thick that scientists and explorers have found that human civilizations had never contacted the outside world. The country’s major cities Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, exist near the coastline. Brazil also has a long Atlantic coastline on its eastern side, which extends approximately 8,000 kilometers.

4. People’s Republic of China – 9,586,961 Sq. Kilometers


The People’s Republic of China is 9.6 million square kilometers, making it one of the top 10 largest countries in the world. It is the most populated country in the world, with a population of 139.27 crores. Canada, the United States of America, and China each occupy 7% of the Earth’s surface. But between the three, China is the smallest area-wise. If you include disputed territories, it’s the second-largest country in the world. The country shares its border with 14 different countries, and its climate varies quite dramatically. It is home to 56 acknowledged ethnic groups, and it has more doctors than the whole population of Qatar – 1.9 doctors per 1000 people, according to the statistics. Area-wise, the People’s Republic of China is one of the top 10 largest countries in the world

3. The United States of America – 9,833,517 Sq. Kilometers

New York

The United States of America stretches to 9,833,517 square kilometers and is a tad bit bigger than China and smaller than Canada. Canada is its northern neighbor, while Mexico is its southern neighbor. The country is known to be home to varied wildlife and geography.  It has a population of 32.82 crores. A third of Mississippi’s nation is the industrial and financial hub of America, with primary cities that are spread all along the Eastern seaboard. The great plains, the Mississippi River, and the Rockies extend from Canada to Mexico, making the United States one of the Earth’s most fertile growing areas.

2. Canada – 9,984,670 Sq. Kilometers


Canada is the second-largest country in the world, with 9.984 million square kilometers. It has a coastline of 202,080-kilometer, which makes it the only nation with a longer shoreline. The largest country in the western hemisphere, it has a population of 3.76 crores. Canada is sandwiched between the Arctic and the United States. Its major cities,  Montreal, Toronto, and Ottawa’s are all located in the East. Like the USA, the western half of the country is split between the Rocky Mountains that run north to south, while fields offer large grain and canola growing areas. Eastern Canada is the nation’s traditional heart, with Toronto, Montreal, and Ottawa’s national capital, all located in the East.

1. Russia – 17,098,242 Sq. Kilometers


Russia is the largest country in the world, spreading across 17,098,242 square kilometers. Even if it somehow loses 7 million square kilometers, it would still be the largest country. The country factors 11% of the landmass. Akin to China, Russia shares its borders with 14 countries. The country has a population of 14.45 crores. It is humid, which is true of southern Russia. Majestic oil reserves prevail below Russia’s frozen forests and tundra, but due to the cost and difficulty of obtaining it, much of Russia’s oil wealth remains unexplored.


What are the 10 largest countries in the world by population?

Countries according to the highest population are the People’s Republic of China, India, United States, Indonesia, Pakistan, Brazil, Nigeria, Bangladesh, Russia, and Mexico.

Which country is number one in the world?

Switzerland is considered to be the best country in the world.

Which country is #1 in education?

Canada tops the list as the most educated globally. 56.27% earn some sort of higher education.

Which is the most famous country?

France is the most famous country in the world, in terms of tourist visits (France 81,400,000), followed by the United States (62,700,000), China (57,600,000), and Spain (56,700,000)

Who is the richest country in the world?

Qatar is the richest country on the globe with a GDP of 132,886, followed by Macao SAR (114,363 GDP), Luxembourg (108,951 GDP), and Singapore (103,181).

Which country is the most-free?

A 2020 index put New Zealand on top of the freest countries, while Hong Kong is ranked as the most-free country in terms of economic liberty. North Korea ranks last since it isn’t a free country. Norway was ranked most free in the social liberty categorization.


These are the top 10 largest countries in the world, area-wise. As you might already know, Earth is the third planet closest to the Sun. Due to radiometric dating, we know that the globe is about 4.5 billion years old. While 71% of Earth’s surface is covered with water, the other 29% consists of islands and continents. As I have said before, each country has a boundary that could change from time to time. According to current estimates, these countries are the top-most, if you consider their square kilometers.


Have you visited any of the countries listed above? Let us know in the comments below.